Pajamas or pyjamas, normally shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can confer with quite a few associated varieties of garments originating with the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are unfastened-fitting clothes derived from the first garment and worn mainly for sleeping,[one] but sometimes also for lounging,[2] also by each sexes.[3] Far more normally, pajamas may possibly seek advice from various clothes, for both of those daywear and nightwear, derived from traditional pajamas and involving variations of style and product.

The term pyjama [four] was borrowed c. 1800 within the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), alone borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'.[five][six] The initial pyjāmā are free, light-weight trousers fitted with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans for the duration of East India Firm rule in India.[seven][eight]

The around the world utilization of pajamas (the word as well as the garment) is the result of adoption by British colonists in India within the 18th and 19th centuries, and the British impact on the broader Western earth over the Victorian era. Pajamas had been introduced to England as "lounging apparel" as early as being the seventeenth century, then often known as mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) Nevertheless they quickly fell from fashion. The word pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the main 50 percent on the nineteenth century. They did not become a manner in Britain plus the Western planet as sleeping attire for guys until eventually the Victorian time period, from about 1870.[9]

Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Text and Phrases (1886) summarizes the point out of utilization at time (s.v. "pyjammas"):

Such a garment is employed by several people in India e.g. by Females of various lessons, by Sikh Adult men, and most by Mohammedans of both sexes. It absolutely was adopted through the Mohammedans by Europeans as an article of dishabille and of night time attire, and is synonymous with Extensive Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It can be probable that we English took the habit similar to a excellent numerous Many others with the Portuguese. Hence Pyrard (c. 1610) says, in Talking of Goa Clinic: "Ils ont drive calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The phrase is now Employed in London retailers. An acquaintance furnishes the next reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Street, some on forty many years back, in reply to a question why pyjammas experienced ft sewn on to them (as was sometimes the situation with those furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I think, Sir, it really is due to White Ants."[10]


Classic pajamas consist of a jacket-and-trousers mix fabricated from soft material, such as flannel or lightweight cotton.[eleven] The jacket factor ordinarily incorporates a placket entrance and its sleeves don't have any cuffs.[twelve] Lots of people decide to sleep or lounge in only the pajama pants, both which has a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. For that reason, pajama trousers for men and boys are sometimes sold as separates.

In colloquial speech, these classic pajamas are often named PJs, jim jams, or jammies.[thirteen] In South Asia and South Africa, they are sometimes called night time suits.

Some pajamas attribute a fall seat (also called a entice doorway or butt flap): a buttoned opening inside the seat, built to allow the wearer to conveniently make use of a bathroom. Fall seats had been very common on pajamas designed before the nineteen fifties, but while in the early 20-first century They can be alternatively rare.
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Modern day pajamas are derived from traditional pajamas. There are numerous versions in design and style such as quick sleeve pajamas,[fourteen] pajama bottoms[fifteen] of different length,[16] or, from time to time, just one-piece pajamas,[seventeen] and pajamas incorporating various supplies. Chiefly while in the US, extend-knit slumber clothing with rib-knit trimmings are common. Typically worn by young children, these clothes generally have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if a person-piece), and may also be footed.

Even though pajamas are generally distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping garments for example nightgowns, from the US, they may have in some cases included the latter as being a leading. Babydoll pyjamas Possess a sort of quick gown prime in excess of shorts or limited trousers.[eighteen]

Pajamas may possibly nowadays seek advice from Gals's blend daywear, particularly in the US wherever they turned well known from the early twentieth century, consisting of small-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and light-weight pants. Examples of these contain capri pajamas, Seaside pajamas, and hostess pajamas.[19]

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